What Are the Symptom and Various Types of Eating Disorders?

types of eating disorders

An eating disorder is a serious problem that is related to constantly eating something. Different types of eating disorders make a negative impact on health, emotions, and ability to work.

In most cases, the eating disorder is so severe there can be the death of a person.

Eating disorders can affect any gender, it is mostly seen in young women. It is said that 13 percent of youth can experience anyone of the disorder by the age of 20.

There are common eating disorders types like anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating. But if you take proper treatment, then you will be healthy. But for this, you have to follow proper eating habits.

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Causes of Eating Disorders

There are several reasons for the cause of eating disorders like genetics, personality traits, etc. We will look towards the causes deeply.


The risk of contracting an eating disorder is ten times greater for those in whom someone in the family has already suffered from an eating disorder.

And if twins are born, and they are separated and adopted by different families. Then there will be evidence of having an eating disorder to that person.

According to the research of one twin have an eating disorder, then there is a 50 per cent chance of having the same to another twin.

Life Changes

Many people who suffer from eating disorders have difficulty trying to cope with various changes in life.

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Ecxessive Attention

Excessive concentration of parent’s attention on issues related to healthy eating and body weight can have the opposite effect. The child does not feel love for himself as a person.

He sees that for some achievements he is praised and encouraged, however, no success leads to the formation of stable self-esteem and contact with parents.

Feeling of Perfection

Extremely relevant is the topic of dependence on a positive assessment of others. They try to behave in such a way as to meet the expectations of the people around them.

Their own desires are suppressed, move to second place, the first firmly takes the desire to make others happy. They think that in order to be loved, they need to be perfect.

Social Problems

Most often, people who suffer from eating disorders have low self-esteem and painful emotional experience.

Failures in History

Failures at school, at work or in situations in which you want to demonstrate your competitive advantage.

People with eating disorders can be perfectionists with an overestimated level of claims.

Traumatic Event

Many people with eating disorders have experienced sexual or physical abuse in their lives, and therefore they consciously or unconsciously try to avoid situations that could lead to a repetition of their experiences in the future.

Neuroticism, perfectionism, and impulsivity are the traits of personality. The three traits have a higher risk of having an eating disorder.

As per the expert’s review, there is a difference in brain structure and biology; then there can be the affection of eating disorder.

 eating disorders types

Types of Eating Disorders and Symptoms

Symptoms vary as per the eating disorder. The common disorder is anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating.

There are other disorders, which include rumination disorder and avoidant or restrictive food intake disorder. Let’s see various types of eating disorders.

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Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is also called anorexia. This is a deadly food eating disorder from various types of eating disorders that has abnormally low body weight, fear of gaining weight, misperfection in weight, and shape.

People who have anorexia have to control there shape and weight. This will affect there life activities and behavior.

Those who have anorexia try to limit the calories by doing excessive exercises or vomiting after having a meal.

People are already underweight, but they try to loose there weight, and this created health issues.

Because of this, it ends when a person is dead. This can be controlled by keeping your mind positive. If people fail to be positive, then they die because of self-starvation.

Bulimia Nervosa 

Bulimia nervosa is also known as bulimia. This is also from the deadly types of food eating disorders.

If you have bulimia, then you lack in controlling yourself from eating. It is seen that people who have bulimia often avoid eating in a day.

But this makes informal eating in the remaining time and often creates health problems. While suffering from bulimia, you eat a large amount of food in a short period of time.

Then you try to lose your calories by trying unhealthy methods. The bulimia creates shame in gaining weight in a person’s mind.

Due to the shame they try to vomit after eating or do so much exercise or use other different methods.

You are already distracted because of weight and shape. Because of this, if your weight is normal, then also you misjudge yourself.

Binge Eating Disorder

If you are facing binge eating disorder, then you eat too much food. As you eat too much food regularly, there is a lack of control towards weight.

If you are facing binge eating disorder, then you eat quickly or often eat if you are not hungry. You keep on eating if you are full.

After eating, you often feel embarrassed or ashamed of the food eaten by you. But you don’t do exercises like Bulimia or Anorexia.

But embarrassment hides your overeating. The bingeing is always suffered once in a week.

Rumination Disorder

In rumination disorder, you often do vomiting after eating. But this is not because of Binge eating, bulimia, or anorexia food eating disorders.

In this disorder, the food is often brought back in the mouth without any intentions. But this food which is brought back in mouth is rechewed or spit out.

The rumination disorder results in malnutrition if the food is spat out or a person eats less to prevent this type of behavior.

The rumination is most common in children, and if there is a limitation in their functions, then there is the probability of having rumination food disorder.

types of eating disorders

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Avoidant or Restrictive Food Intake Disorder

In this food disorder, a person fails to get the daily nutrition. As you don’t have an interest in eating food.

You avoid food because of its colour, texture, smell, or taste. You have a fear of choking while eating food. In this food disorder, food is not avoided because of fear of weight gain.

In this, eating is avoided and you don’t have proper nutrition, and your weight loses. Due to weight loss, you face health issues.


Pica is a food eating disorder in which you eat food that is not made for eating which makes it different from other types of eating disorders.

The things you eat while suffering from pica are ice, dirt, soil, chalk, soap, paper, hair, cloth, wool, etc.

Pica disorder is mostly found in adults and also in children. But most often, this disorder is observed in pregnant women, children, or someone with mental disabilities.

If you are suffering from pica, then there is a high risk of poisoning and injuries. It depends on what you have digested.

When to See a Doctor?

Eating disorder is difficult to handle on ourselves. It is very harmful, and it can take your life virtually.

If anyone of you is facing these symptoms, then you can approach to the doctor or take any medical help.

Complications in Food Eating Disorder

In food eating disorders, there are a variety of complications. Some complication is deadly. There are following complications commonly found in every eating disorder,

  • Serious health issues
  • Depression
  • Mentally unstable
  • School or work issues
  • Growth problems
  • Death


There is no sure prevention for an eating disorder. But here are a few preventions which you can help to develop health,

  • Avoid dieting in front of people who are infected with an eating disorder.
  • Constantly talking with them.
  • Motivating them with keeping a positive attitude.

If you observe these symptoms or similar to this, then talk with them. Although you cannot prevent eating disorders, you can create a positive mindset in them.


The above types of eating disorders provide a better understanding of eating disorders.

As these types of eating disorders create mental health issues and medical treatment is necessary to cure them.

These types of eating disorders can damage your body if it is not treated properly.

If you have any food eating disorder or someone you know have disorder take the help of a doctor who has specialized in eating disorders.

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